Hurricane Fred
Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
Fred 2015-08-31 1745Z.
Hurricane Fred shortly after peak intensity
Formed August 30, 2015
Dissipated September 6, 2015
Highest winds 1-minute sustained: 85 mph (140 km/h)
Lowest pressure 986 mbar (hPa); 29.12 inHg
Fatalities 9 total
Damage $1.1 million (USD)
Areas affected Cabo Verde Islands
Hurricane Fred was a rare hurricane that became the first hurricane to pass through the Cabo Verde Islands since the 1892 season. Fred was the seventh tropical cyclone, sixth named storm, and second hurricane of the somewhat below average 2015 Atlantic hurricane season. Fred caused minor damage, with an estimate of $1.1 million in damage totals. Fred also caused a total of 9 direct fatalities, all in the Cabo Verde Islands. Fred was also the easternmost hurricane in the tropical Atlantic (Hurricane Vince of the 2005 season was farther east, but formed in the subtropics).

Meteorological History

On August 28, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) began monitoring a tropical wave over western Africa for possible tropical development over the coming days. Initially, NHC set the development chances for the 2-day period at near 0 percent. However, on August 29, the strong wave exited the coast of Africa around 18:00 UTC. Just six hours after emerging off the coast, the tropical wave developed into a tropical depression while located just off the African coast.

The depression continued to get better organized, and it strengthened into Tropical Storm Fred by 06:00 UTC on August 30. Located in an environment with low wind shear and fairly high sea surface temperatures, Fred began to intensify at a fairly fast rate. Fred began to develop an eye late that evening as its rainbands continued to become better defined. Just 18 hours after becoming a tropical storm at 00:00 UTC on August 31, Fred strengthened into a hurricane. Fred peaked in intensity roughly 12 hours later, at 12:00 UTC that day, while located directly over the Cabo Verde Islands. A hurricane warning was put up for the islands for the first time in history.

As Fred moved northwest away from Cape Verde, it began to weaken as it entered an area with cooler sea surface temperatures and increased wind shear. By September 2, Fred had become nearly devoid of deep convection, although it managed to maintain a well-defined center of circulation. Fred barely maintained tropical cyclone status for the next four days, with intermittent bursts of convection. It also alternated between tropical storm and tropical depression strength. On September 6 at 18:00 UTC, Fred dissipated while located southwest of the Azores, as it entered an increasingly unfavorable environment.