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2014 Atlantic hurricane season
First system formed July 1, 2014
Last system dissipated October 28, 2014
Strongest storm Gonzalo - 940 mbar, 145 mph (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 9
Total storms 8
Hurricanes 6
Major hurricanes 2
ACE index 67
Total fatalities 21 total
Total damage > $233 million (2014 USD)

The 2014 Atlantic hurricane season was a below average season, although 6 of the named 8 storms were hurricanes. All named storms impacted land. A total of 9 tropical cyclones formed, 8 of which were named storms, 6 hurricanes, and 2 major hurricanes.

The season's strongest hurricane, Hurricane Gonzalo, was a category 4 hurricane which made landfall in Bermuda as a category 2 hurricane. Hurricane Fay also made landfall in Bermuda as a category 1 hurricane. Hurricane Arthur became the earliest hurricane to strike North Carolina, and the first category 2 or stronger hurricane to make landfall in the United States since Hurricane Ike. No storm names were retired this season, the first occurrence of this event since the 2009 season.

Timeline

Tropical Storm Hanna (2014)Hurricane GonzaloHurricane FayHurricane Edouard (2014)Tropical Storm Dolly (2014)Hurricane CristobalHurricane Bertha (2014)Tropical Depression Two (2014)Hurricane ArthurSaffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale

Storms

Hurricane Arthur

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Arthur 2014.jpg Arthur 2014 track.png
Duration July 1 – July 5
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Arthur

Having non-tropical origins, Arthur formed east of Florida and made landfall along the North Carolina coast as a category 2 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale). After producing storm surge flooding and high winds on the Outer Banks, Arthur continued northeastward but stayed offshore of the Mid-Atlantic coast and New England, bringing minor impacts to southeastern Massachusetts. Arthur became an extratropical cyclone by the time it reached the Bay of Fundy just west of Nova Scotia and caused extensive tree damage and power outages across Atlantic Canada.[1]

Tropical Depression Two

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
02L Jul 21 2014 1555Z.jpg 02-L 2014 track.png
Duration July 21 – July 23
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1012 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Depression Two (2014)
Tropical Depression Two formed in the central tropical Atlantic, and dissipated before reaching the Lesser Antilles.[2]

Hurricane Bertha

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Bertha Aug 4 2014 1750Z.jpg Bertha 2014 track.png
Duration August 1 – August 6
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Bertha (2014)
Bertha was a category one hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that caused flooding, mudslides and power outages in the northeastern Caribbean islands when it passed through as a tropical storm. It also caused two rip-current deaths in the United States.[3]

Hurricane Cristobal

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Cristobal Aug 28 2014 1530Z.jpg Cristobal 2014 track.png
Duration August 23 – August 29
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Cristobal

Cristobal was a category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that remained at sea over most of its lifetime, reaching its peak intensity at a rather high latitude. It produced very heavy rains over the Turks and Caicos Islands and the southeastern Bahamas.[4]

Tropical Storm Dolly

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Dolly Suomi NPP Sept 2 2014.png Dolly 2014 track.png
Duration September 1 – September 3
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Dolly (2014)
Dolly was a disorganized tropical storm that made landfall near Tampico, Mexico.[5]

Hurricane Edouard

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Edouard Sept 15 2014 1650Z.jpg Edouard 2014 track.png
Duration September 11 – September 19
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  955 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Edouard (2014)
Edouard was a category 3 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that remained over the open Atlantic Ocean during its lifetime. Edouard was the first major hurricane to develop in the Atlantic basin since Hurricane Sandy of 2012. Multiple research missions, sometimes simultaneous, were conducted in Edouard by NOAA and NASA aircraft, including the first-ever release of an unmanned aerial vehicle into an Atlantic tropical cyclone.[6]

Hurricane Fay

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Fay Oct 12 2014 1455Z.jpg Fay 2014 track.png
Duration October 10 – October 13
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Fay
Fay was a short-lived hurricane of non-tropical origin that passed over Bermuda before turning east-northeastward into the north-central Atlantic Ocean. Fay became the first hurricane to make landfall on Bermuda since Emily of 1987.[7]

Hurricane Gonzalo

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gonzalo Oct 16 2014 1745Z.jpg Gonzalo 2014 track.png
Duration October 12 – October 19
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  940 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Gonzalo
Gonzalo was a tropical cyclone that formed east of the Lesser Antilles and quickly strengthened into a hurricane just before moving through the northern Leeward Islands. A few days later, Gonzalo made landfall in Bermuda as a high-end category 2 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale), causing extensive damage. Gonzalo’s landfall occurred only six days after Hurricane Fay made landfall on the island as a category 1 hurricane.[8]

Tropical Storm Hanna

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hanna Oct 27 2014 1600Z.jpg Hanna 2014 track.png
Duration October 22 – October 28
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Hanna (2014)
Hanna had two brief periods as a tropical cyclone and made landfall as a tropical storm near the Nicaragua/Honduras border.[9]

Storm Names

The following names were used to name Atlantic tropical cyclones in the 2014 season. They are part of List VI in the rotating naming list system. This list is similar to the list used in 2008, with the exceptions of Gonzalo, Isaias and Paulette, which replaced Gustav, Ike and Paloma respectively.

  • Arthur
  • Bertha
  • Cristobal
  • Dolly
  • Edouard
  • Fay
  • Gonzalo
  • Hanna
  • Isaias (unused)
  • Josephine (unused)
  • Kyle (unused)
  • Laura (unused)
  • Marco (unused)
  • Nana (unused)
  • Omar (unused)
  • Paulette (unused)
  • Rene (unused)
  • Sally (unused)
  • Teddy (unused)
  • Vicky (unused)
  • Wilfred (unused)

References

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL012014_Arthur.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL022014_Two.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL032014_Bertha.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL042014_Cristobal.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL052014_Dolly.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL062014_Edouard.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL072014_Fay.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL082014_Gonzalo.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL092014_Hanna.pdf

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