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2010 Atlantic hurricane season
First system formed June 25, 2010
Last system dissipated November 7, 2010
Strongest storm Igor - 924 mbar, 155 mph (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 21
Total storms 19
Hurricanes 12
Major hurricanes 5
ACE index 164.5
Total fatalities 287 Direct, 27 Indirect
Total damage $≥ 4.53 billion (2010 USD)
The 2010 Atlantic hurricane season was a hyperactive season, mostly as a result of a strong La Nina, forming in the summer. This season featured a total of 21 tropical cyclones, 19 named storms, 12 hurricanes, and 5 major hurricanes. This season is tied for third most active along with, 1887, 1995, 2011, and 2012. The strongest storm was high-end Category 4 Hurricane Igor, a Cape Verde-type hurricane that caused $200 Million in damage to Newfoundland.

Timeline

Storms

Hurricane Alex

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Alex.A2010181.1710.250m.jpg Alex 2010 track.png
Duration June 25 – July 2
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  946 mbar (hPa)

Alex, one of the most intense June tropical cyclones in the Atlantic basin record, made landfall in northeastern Mexico as a strong Category 2 hurricane.[1]

Tropical Depression Two

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD 2 jul 8 2010 1930Z.jpg 02-L 2010 track.png
Duration July 8 – July 9
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Bonnie

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Bonnie jul 23 2010.jpg Bonnie 2010 track.png
Duration July 22 – July 24
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Bonnie was a small and weak tropical storm that made landfall in the Bahama Islands and extreme southern Florida.[2]

Tropical Storm Colin

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Colin August 5 1505UTC.jpg Colin 2010 track.png
Duration August 2 – August 8
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Colin was a tropical storm that had a peak intensity of 50 kt while located over the western Atlantic about midway between Puerto Rico and Bermuda.[3]

Tropical Depression Five

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD5 08-10-10.jpg 5-L 2010 track.png
Duration August 10 – August 11
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Five was a short-lived tropical cyclone that formed in the eastern Gulf of Mexico and dissipated before its remnants moved inland, bringing rainfall to portions of the central Gulf Coast.[4]

Hurricane Danielle

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Danielle Aug 27 2010 1740Z.jpg Danielle 2010 track.png
Duration August 21 – August 30
Peak intensity 130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)  942 mbar (hPa)

Danielle was a Cape Verde hurricane that reached category 4 strength (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) over the central North Atlantic and recurved to the southeast of Bermuda[5]

Hurricane Earl

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Earl 2010-09-01 1801Z.jpg Earl 2010 track.png
Duration August 25 – September 4
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  927 mbar (hPa)

Earl was a Cape Verde hurricane that caused damage in the northern Leeward Islands and made landfall as a Category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) in Nova Scotia, Canada. It reached its peak intensity as a Category 4 hurricane over the western Atlantic.[6]

Tropical Storm Fiona

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Fiona 2010-09-02 1530Z.jpg Fiona 2010 track.png
Duration August 30 – September 3
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Fiona became a tropical storm over the central tropical Atlantic Ocean and threatened the northern Leeward Islands before recurving over the western Atlantic and degenerating into a post-tropical cyclone near Bermuda.[7]

Tropical Storm Gaston

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gaston Sept 1 2010 1310Z.jpg Gaston 2010 track.png
Duration September 1 – September 2
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Gaston was a short-lived tropical storm over the central tropical Atlantic Ocean.[8]

Tropical Storm Hermine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Hermine 2010-09-07 1725Z.jpg Hermine 2010 track.png
Duration September 5 – September 9
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Hermine made landfall on the northeastern coast of Mexico. It brought tropical-storm-force winds and very heavy rains to a large portion of southern Texas.[9]

Hurricane Igor

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Igor at 1640z on September 13, 2010.jpg Igor 2010 track.png
Duration September 8 – September 21
Peak intensity 155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  924 mbar (hPa)

Igor, the strongest tropical cyclone of the 2010 Atlantic season, was a very large and intense Cape Verde hurricane that struck Bermuda with category 1 intensity. Later it hit Newfoundland and was the most damaging hurricane in recent history for that island.[10]

Hurricane Julia

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Julia sept 15 2010 1145Z.jpg Julia 2010 track.png
Duration September 12 – September 20
Peak intensity 140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  948 mbar (hPa)

Julia was a category 4 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) over the eastern Atlantic Ocean that threatened the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical storm.[11]

Hurricane Karl

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Karl 2010-09-16 1720Z.jpg Karl 2010 track.png
Duration September 14 – September 18
Peak intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  956 mbar (hPa)

Karl was a strong Category 3 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that formed over the northwestern Caribbean Sea and made landfall as a tropical storm along the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. Karl then emerged over the Bay of Campeche and made a second landfall along the mainland coast of Mexico northwest of Veracruz as a major hurricane, causing significant damage in the region.[12]

Hurricane Lisa

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Lisa 2010-09-24 2200Z.jpg Lisa 2010 track.png
Duration September 20 – September 26
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  982 mbar (hPa)

Lisa was a small tropical cyclone that became a category one hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) over the far eastern Atlantic Ocean.[13]

Tropical Storm Matthew

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Matthew sept 23 2010.jpg Matthew 2010 track.png
Duration September 23 – September 26
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Matthew was a tropical storm that formed in the central Caribbean Sea and made landfall in extreme northern Nicaragua, moved across northern Honduras and made a final landfall in Belize. Matthew produced heavy rainfall across portions of northern Central America and eastern Mexico.[14]

Tropical Storm Nicole

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
CAmerica 2 04.2010271.terra.250m.jpg Nicole 2010 track.png
Duration September 28 – September 29
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Nicole was an unusually large tropical cyclone over the northwestern Caribbean Sea. It bought gusty winds and heavy rains to eastern Cuba, Jamaica and southeastern Florida.[15]

Hurricane Otto

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Otto oct 8 2010 1505Z.jpg Otto 2010 track.png
Duration October 6 – October 10
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)

Otto was a category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that produced heavy rainfall over portions of the northeastern Caribbean islands.[16]

Hurricane Paula

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Paula 2010-10-12 1620Z.jpg Paula 2010 track.png
Duration October 11 – October 15
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

Paula was a small category 2 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that formed over the western Caribbean Sea and moved northward through the Yucatan Channel. It made landfalls as a tropical cyclone along the Honduras/Nicaragua border and in Cuba.[17]

Hurricane Richard

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Richard 2010-10-24 1645Z.jpg Richard 2010 track.png
Duration October 20 – October 25
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  977 mbar (hPa)

Richard was a late season tropical cyclone that formed in the western Caribbean Sea and struck Belize as a category 2 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale).[18]

Hurricane Shary

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Shary 2010-10-30 1424Z.jpg Shary 2010 track.png
Duration October 28 – October 30
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

Shary was a short-lived category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that formed in the central Atlantic. It did not affect land.[19]

Hurricane Tomas

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Tomas 2010-10-30 1429Z.jpg Tomas Atlantic 2010 track.png
Duration October 29 – November 7
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  982 mbar (hPa)

Tomas, which reached category 2 intensity, was the latest hurricane on record (1851-present) in the calendar year to strike the Windward Islands. It caused significant damage and 8 fatalities in those islands. It later passed near Haiti and was responsible for 35 deaths in that country.[20]

Storm names

  • Alex
  • Bonnie
  • Colin
  • Danielle
  • Earl
  • Fiona
  • Gaston
  • Hermine
  • Igor
  • Julia
  • Karl
  • Lisa
  • Matthew
  • Nicole
  • Otto
  • Paula
  • Richard
  • Shary
  • Tomas
  • Virginie (unused)
  • Walter (unused)

Retirement

On March 16, 2011, at the 33rd Session of the World Meteorological Organization's Regional Association Hurricane Committee, the WMO retired two names, Igor and Tomas from its rotating name lists. They were replaced with Ian and Tobias, respectively, for the 2016 Atlantic hurricane season.

References

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL012010_Alex.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL032010_Bonnie.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL042010_Colin.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL052010_Five.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL062010_Danielle.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL072010_Earl.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL082010_Fiona.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL092010_Gaston.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL102010_Hermine.pdf
  10. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL112010_Igor.pdf
  11. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL122010_Julia.pdf
  12. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL132010_Karl.pdf
  13. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL142010_Lisa.pdf
  14. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL152010_Matthew.pdf
  15. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL162010_Nicole.pdf
  16. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL172010_Otto.pdf
  17. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL182010_Paula.pdf
  18. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL192010_Richard.pdf
  19. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL202010_Shary.pdf
  20. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL212010_Tomas.pdf

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