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2009 Atlantic hurricane season
First system formed May 28, 2009
Last system dissipated November 10, 2009
Strongest storm Bill - 943 mbar, 130 mph (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 11
Total storms 9
Hurricanes 3
Major hurricanes 2
ACE index 53 (56.8% of normal)
Total fatalities 9 total
Total damage $>57 million (2009 USD)
The 2009 Atlantic hurricane season was a below average season, likely as a result of an El Nino. This season featured a total of 11 tropical cyclones, 9 named storms, only 3 hurricanes, and 2 major hurricanes. This season was the least active since 1997. The strongest storm was Category 4 Hurricane Bill, a Cape Verde-type hurricane that caused minimal damage.

Timeline

Storms

Tropical Depression One

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression One 2009 GOES.jpg 01-L 2009 track.png
Duration May 28 – May 29
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Ana

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TD2 aug 12 2009 1335Z.jpg Ana 2009 track.png
Duration August 11 – August 16
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

Ana was a weak tropical storm that remained over the tropical Atlantic Ocean and dissipated before reaching the Lesser Antilles.[1]

Hurricane Bill

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Bill.A2009231.1415.250m.jpg Bill 2009 track.png
Duration August 15 – August 24
Peak intensity 130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)  943 mbar (hPa)

Bill was a category 4 (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) Cape Verde hurricane that traversed the Atlantic Ocean around the periphery of the Azores-Bermuda High. It brushed Bermuda and Nova Scotia as a hurricane, and crossed the southern tip of Newfoundland as a tropical storm.[2]

Tropical Storm Claudette

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Claudette 2009 approaching Florida.jpg Claudette 2009 track.png
Duration August 16 – August 17
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Short-lived Claudette made landfall in the Florida Panhandle as a 40-kt tropical storm, causing minimal damage.[3]

Tropical Storm Danny

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Danny A2009238 1730 1km.jpg Danny 2009 track.png
Duration August 26 – August 29
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Danny was a short-lived and poorly organized tropical cyclone off the southeastern coast of the United States.[4]

Tropical Storm Erika

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Erika 2009-09-03 1510Z.jpg Erika 2009 track.png
Duration September 1 – September 3
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Erika was a weak tropical storm that moved through the Lesser Antilles before dissipating over the eastern Caribbean Sea.[5]

Hurricane Fred

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Fred 2009-09-09 1250Z.jpg Fred 2009 track.png
Duration September 7 – September 12
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)

Fred became the strongest hurricane on record south of 30°N and east of 35°W in the Atlantic basin. It then weakened and degenerated into a remnant low that moved west- northwestward for almost a week before dissipating.[6]

Tropical Depression Eight

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Pre-Tropical Depression Eight 2009-09-25 1250Z.jpg 08-L 2009 track.png
Duration September 25 – September 26
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Grace

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Grace 2009 at peak intensity.jpg Grace 2009 track.png
Duration October 4 – October 6
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)

Grace was a rare northeastern Atlantic Ocean tropical storm that formed near the Azores and moved northeastward toward the British Isles.[7]

Tropical Storm Henri

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TSHenri09.jpg Henri 2009 track.png
Duration October 6 – October 8
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Henri was a short-lived tropical storm over the tropical Atlantic Ocean that dissipated due to strong vertical shear.[8]

Hurricane Ida

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Ida in the Yucatan Channel November 8 2009.jpg Ida 2009 track.png
Duration November 4 – November 10
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Ida was a late season hurricane that had a large impact on the east coast of Nicaragua and the adjacent islands. It was the first November hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico since Kate of 1985.[9]

Storm names

  • Ana
  • Bill
  • Claudette
  • Danny
  • Erika
  • Fred
  • Grace
  • Henri
  • Ida
  • Joaquin (unused)
  • Kate (unused)
  • Larry (unused)
  • Mindy (unused)
  • Nicholas (unused)
  • Odette (unused)
  • Peter (unused)
  • Rose (unused)
  • Sam (unused)
  • Teresa (unused)
  • Victor (unused)
  • Wanda (unused)

References

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL022009_Ana.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL032009_Bill.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL042009_Claudette.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL052009_Danny.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL062009_Erika.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL072009_Fred.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL092009_Grace.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL102009_Henri.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL112009_Ida.pdf

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