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2008 Atlantic hurricane season
First system formed May 31, 2008
Last system dissipated November 10, 2008
Strongest storm Ike - 935 mbar, 145 mph (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 17
Total storms 16
Hurricanes 8
Major hurricanes 5
ACE index 146
Total fatalities ≥858 Direct, 188 Indirect
Total damage $47.53 Billion (2008 USD)
The 2008 Atlantic hurricane season was an active hurricane season with seventeen depressions, sixteen of them becoming tropical storms, eight of those storms becoming hurricanes, and five of those storms becoming major hurricanes (Category 3+). The season officially started on June 1 and ended on November 30. However, the formation of Tropical Storm Arthur caused the season to start one day early. This season was very costly. In fact, this season is the fourth costliest on record, with over $47.5 billion in damage (2008 USD).

Timeline

Hurricane Ike


Storms

Tropical Storm Arthur

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
800px-Arthur 31 May 2008.jpg Arthur 2008 track.png
Duration May 31 – June 1
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Arthur was a short-lived tropical cyclone that made landfall in northeastern Belize as a tropical storm. The storm produced devastating floods and killed five people in Belize, causing an estimated 78 million dollars worth of damage in that country[1]

Hurricane Bertha

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
800px-Bertha 07 july 2008 1630Z.jpg Bertha 2008 track.png
Duration July 3 – July 20
Peak intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  952 mbar (hPa)

Bertha was an early season category 3 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) that brought tropical storm conditions to Bermuda and became the longest-lived Atlantic July tropical cyclone on record.[2]

Tropical Storm Cristobal

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
800px-Cristobal 21 Jul 2008.jpg Cristobal 2008 track.png
Duration July 19 – July 23
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Dolly

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
800px-Hurricane Dolly July 23, 2008.jpg Dolly 2008 track.png
Duration July 20 – July 25
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  963 mbar (hPa)

Dolly made landfall in extreme southern Texas as a category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale and caused some significant wind and flood damage.[3]

Tropical Storm Edouard

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
800px-Edouard 05 August 2008.jpg Edouard 2008 track.png
Duration August 3 – August 6
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Edouard was a short-lived tropical storm that made landfall along the upper Texas coast.[4]

Tropical Storm Fay

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Download.jpg Fay 2008 track.png
Duration August 15 – August 26
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)

Fay was a long-lived tropical storm that made eight landfalls – including a record four landfalls in Florida – and produced torrential rainfall that caused extensive floods across the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, and Florida.[5]

Hurricane Gustav

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Gustav 30 Aug 2008 1605z.jpg Gustav 2008 track.png
Duration August 25 – September 4
Peak intensity 155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  941 mbar (hPa)

Gustav moved erratically through the Greater Antilles into the Gulf of Mexico, eventually making landfall on the coast of Louisiana. It briefly became a category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale and caused many deaths and considerable damage in Haiti, Cuba, and Louisiana.[6]

Hurricane Hanna

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
800px-Hanna 2008-09-01 over Bahamas.jpg Hanna 2008 track.png
Duration August 28 – September 7
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  977 mbar (hPa)

Hanna was a tropical cyclone that was briefly a hurricane over the Caicos Islands. Hanna also made landfall in the United States as a strong tropical storm near the border between North and South Carolina. Impacts from Hanna were greatest in Haiti, where heavy rainfall and subsequent flooding resulted in a large loss of life.[7]

Hurricane Ike

Main article: Hurricane Ike
Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
800px-Hurricane Ike off the Lesser Antilles.jpg Ike 2008 track.png
Duration September 1 – September 14
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

Ike was a long-lived Cape Verde hurricane that caused extensive damage and many deaths across portions of the Caribbean and along the coasts of Texas and Louisiana. It reached its peak intensity as a Category 4 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) over the open waters of the central Atlantic, directly impacting the Turks and Caicos Islands and Great Inagua Island in the southeastern Bahamas before affecting much of the island of Cuba. Ike, with its associated storm surge, then caused extensive damage across parts of the northwestern Gulf Coast when it made landfall along the upper Texas coast at the upper end of Category 2 intensity.[8]

Tropical Storm Josephine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
800px-Josephine 3 September 2008.jpg Josephine 2008 track.png
Duration September 2 – September 6
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Josephine formed in the far eastern Atlantic Ocean and dissipated just a few days later over open waters due to strong vertical wind shear.[9]

Hurricane Kyle

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
800px-Kyle 28 sept 2008 1800Z.jpg Kyle 2008 track.png
Duration September 25 – September 29
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)

Kyle was a category one hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale that made landfall in southwestern Nova Scotia.[10]

Tropical Storm Laura

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
800px-20080929-laura-full.jpg Laura 2008 track.png
Duration September 29 – October 1
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Short-lived Laura remained well out at sea over the North Atlantic.[11]

Tropical Storm Marco

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
800px-Marco 6 oct 2008.jpg Marco 2008 track.png
Duration October 6 – October 7
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Marco was an extremely small tropical cyclone that made landfall on the Gulf coast of Mexico between Tuxpan and Veracruz.[12]

Tropical Storm Nana

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
800px-Nana 12 oct 2008 1535Z.jpg Nana 2008 track.png
Duration October 12 – October 14
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Nana was a short-lived, weak tropical storm that remained over the open tropical Atlantic Ocean throughout its lifetime and threatened no land areas.[13]

Hurricane Omar

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
800px-Omar 2008-10-15 at 1745 UTC.jpg Omar 2008 track.png
Duration October 13 – October 18
Peak intensity 130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)

Omar, which directly impacted the Leeward Islands, underwent rapid intensification (up to a category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) and an immediately subsequent rapid weakening.[14]

Tropical Depression Sixteen

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
800px-Sixteen 14 oct 2008.jpg 16-L 2008 track.png
Duration October 14 – October 15
Peak intensity 30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Sixteen was a large and sprawling depression that formed over the northwestern Caribbean Sea and made landfall about 24 h later in northeastern Honduras.[15]

Hurricane Paloma

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
800px-Paloma 2008-11-08 at 1835 UTC.jpg Paloma 2008 track.png
Duration November 5 – November 9
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  944 mbar (hPa)
Hurricane Paloma was a powerful hurricane that formed in the western Caribbean Sea and impacted the Cayman Islands before making landfall in Cuba and rapidly weakening. Paloma reached category 4 intensity (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) and became the second-strongest November Atlantic hurricane on record.[16]

Storm names

  • Arthur
  • Bertha
  • Cristobal
  • Dolly
  • Edouard
  • Fay
  • Gustav
  • Hanna
  • Ike
  • Josephine
  • Kyle
  • Laura
  • Marco
  • Nana
  • Omar
  • Paloma
  • Rene (unused)
  • Sally (unused)
  • Teddy (unused)
  • Vicky (unused)
  • Wilfred (unused)

Retirement

On April 22, 2009, at the 31st Session of the World Meteorological Organization's Regional Association IV Hurricane Committee, the WMO retired the names Gustav, Ike, and Paloma from its rotating name lists. The names were replaced with Gonzalo, Isaias, and Paulette for the 2014 season.

References

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL012008_Arthur.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL022008_Bertha.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL042008_Dolly.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL052008_Edouard.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL062008_Fay.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL072008_Gustav.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL082008_Hanna.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL092008_Ike.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL102008_Josephine.pdf
  10. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL112008_Kyle.pdf
  11. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL122008_Laura.pdf
  12. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL132008_Marco.pdf
  13. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL142008_Nana.pdf
  14. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL152008_Omar.pdf
  15. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL162008_Sixteen.pdf
  16. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL172008_Paloma.pdf

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