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2007 Atlantic hurricane season
First system formed May 9, 2007
Last system dissipated December 12, 2007
Strongest storm Dean - 905 mbar, 175 mph (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 17
Total storms 15
Hurricanes 6
Major hurricanes 2
ACE index 74
Total fatalities 460 Direct, 18 Indirect
Total damage > $3.426 billion (2007 USD)
The 2007 Atlantic hurricane season was an active one in terms of named storms, but most of the storms were weak and short-lived. This season was notable for having two category 5 hurricanes - Dean and Felix - and the first season in which two category 5 hurricanes made landfall at this intensity. This season began relatively early, with the formation of Subtropical Storm Andrea on May 9. The season ended fairly late as well, with the post-season Tropical Storm Olga dissipating on December 12. This season featured a total of 17 total depressions, 15 named storms, 6 hurricanes, and only 2 major hurricanes.

Timeline

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale

Storms

Subtropical Storm Andrea

Subtropical storm (SSHWS)
Subtropical Storm Andrea (2007).jpg Andrea 2007 track.png
Duration May 9 – May 11
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)
Andrea formed off the southeast coast of the United States. It was the eighth earliest cyclone since 1851 and the first May cyclone since 1981.[1]

Tropical Storm Barry

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Barry 01 jun 2007 1905Z.jpg Barry 2007 track.png
Duration June 1 – June 2
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)
Barry was a short-lived tropical storm that brought beneficial rains to Florida.[2]

Tropical Storm Chantal

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Chantal 31 july 2007 1328Z.jpg Chantal 2007 track.png
Duration July 31 – August 1
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)
Chantal was a short-lived tropical storm that moved roughly parallel to, but offshore from, the U.S. east coast.[3]

Hurricane Dean

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Dean 20 aug 2007 1841Z.jpg Dean 2007 track.png
Duration August 13 – August 23
Peak intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  905 mbar (hPa)
Dean was a classic Cape Verde cyclone that moved through the Caribbean as a major hurricane, passing very close to Jamaica and later making landfall on the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula as a category 5 hurricane. Dean, the first Atlantic hurricane since Andrew of 1992 to reach land at category 5 strength, was responsible for 32 deaths.[4]

Tropical Storm Erin

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Erin 15 aug 2007 1940Z.jpg Erin 2007 track.png
Duration August 15 – August 17
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)
Erin was a tropical storm that formed in the Gulf of Mexico and made landfall along the Texas coast as a tropical depression. The tropical cyclone directly caused nine fatalities and its remnants caused seven more, mostly as a result of inland flooding due to heavy rainfall. Erin will also be remembered for its unusual, brief strengthening, although not as a tropical cyclone, over Oklahoma.[5]

Hurricane Felix

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Felix 02 sept 2007 1810Z.jpg Felix 2007 track.png
Duration August 31 – September 5
Peak intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  929 mbar (hPa)
Hurricane Felix was a small, but powerful, category 5 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) that caused major damage in northeastern Nicaragua.[6]

Tropical Storm Gabrielle

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gabrielle 09 sept 2007 1800Z.jpg Gabrielle 2007 track.png
Duration September 8 – September 11
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)
Gabrielle was a tropical storm that made landfall along the Cape Lookout National Seashore in eastern North Carolina, and then exited the coast less than 12 hours later near Kill Devil Hills.[7]

Tropical Storm Ingrid

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ingrid 14 sept 2007 1310Z.jpg Ingrid 2007 track.png
Duration September 12 – September 17
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)
Ingrid was a tropical storm that formed over the central tropical Atlantic Ocean and dissipated as it approached the Leeward Islands.[8]

Hurricane Humberto

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Humberto 12 sept 2007 1655Z.jpg Humberto 2007 track.png
Duration September 12 – September 14
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)
Humberto was a short-lived tropical cyclone that made landfall in extreme southeastern Texas as a strong category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale). The hurricane is notable for its exceptionally rapid intensification near the coast of Texas from a tropical depression into a hurricane within 19 hours.[9]

Tropical Depression Ten

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD Ten 21 sept 2007 1650Z.jpg 10-L 2007 track.png
Duration September 21 – September 22
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)
Tropical Depression Ten was a short-lived cyclone that formed over the eastern Gulf of Mexico on 21 September and made landfall early on 22 September along the Florida panhandle.[10]

Tropical Storm Jerry

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Jerry 24 sept 2007 1259Z.jpg Jerry 2007 track.png
Duration September 23 – September 24
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)
Jerry was a short-lived tropical cyclone over the far northeastern Atlantic.[11]

Hurricane Karen

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Karen 26 sept 2007 1220Z.jpg Karen 2007 track.png
Duration September 25 – September 29
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)
Karen was briefly a hurricane over the tropical Atlantic. It did not threaten land, and it dissipated just to the east of the Leeward Islands.[12]

Hurricane Lorenzo

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Lorenzo 27 sept 2007 1920Z.jpg Lorenzo 2007 track.png
Duration September 25 – September 28
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)
Hurricane Lorenzo was a category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) that made landfall in Mexico south of Tuxpan - in virtually the same location that Hurricane Dean had struck a month earlier.[13]

Tropical Storm Melissa

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Melissa 29 sept 2007 1245Z.jpg Melissa 2007 track.png
Duration September 28 – September 30
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)
Melissa was a short-lived tropical storm over the eastern Atlantic that formed near the Cape Verde Islands but did not affect land.[14]

Tropical Depression Fifteen

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD 15 11 oct 2007 1321Z.jpg 15-L 2007 track.png
Duration October 11 – October 12
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1011 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Noel

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Noel 01 nov 2007 1815Z.jpg Noel 2007 track.png
Duration October 28 – November 2
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)
Noel took an erratic track across Hispaniola and Cuba as a tropical storm before becoming a hurricane as it exited the northwestern Bahamas. Torrential rainfall from Noel produced devastating floods and loss of life in the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, eastern Cuba and the Bahamas. Noel then evolved into a large and powerful extratropical cyclone that brought hurricane force wind gusts to portions of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada.[15]

Tropical Storm Olga

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Olga2007.jpg Olga 2007 track.png
Duration December 11 – December 12
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)
Olga was a short-lived out of season tropical storm that produced torrential rains, flooding, and loss of life across portions of the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Puerto Rico. Olga’s remnants continued across the northwestern Caribbean Sea and into the eastern Gulf of Mexico before being absorbed by a cold front over central Florida.[16]

Storm names

  • Andrea
  • Barry
  • Chantal
  • Dean
  • Erin
  • Felix
  • Gabrielle
  • Humberto
  • Ingrid
  • Jerry
  • Karen
  • Lorenzo
  • Melissa
  • Noel
  • Olga
  • Pablo (unused)
  • Rebekah (unused)
  • Sebastien (unused)
  • Tanya (unused)
  • Van (unused)
  • Wendy (unused)

Retirement

On May 13, 2008, at the 30th Session of the World Meteorological Organization's Regional Association IV Hurricane Committee, the WMO retired the names Dean, Felix, and Noel from its rotating name lists. The names were replaced with Dorian, Fernand, and Nestor for the 2013 season.

References

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL012007_Andrea.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL022007_Barry.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL032007_Chantal.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL042007_Dean.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL052007_Erin.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL062007_Felix.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL072007_Gabrielle.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL082007_Ingrid.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL092007_Humberto.pdf
  10. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL102007_Ten.pdf
  11. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL112007_Jerry.pdf
  12. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL122007_Karen.pdf
  13. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL132007_Lorenzo.pdf
  14. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL142007_Melissa.pdf
  15. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL162007_Noel.pdf
  16. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL172007_Olga.pdf

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