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2005 Atlantic hurricane season
First system formed June 8, 2005
Last system dissipated January 6, 2006 (tied for record latest, with 1955)
Strongest storm Wilma - 882 mbar, 185 mph (1-minute sustained) (strongest storm in Atlantic basin)
Total depressions 31 (record high)
Total storms 28 (record high)
Hurricanes 17 (record high)
Major hurricanes 7 (tied, record high)
ACE index 250 (second highest on record)
Total fatalities 3,937 Direct, 23 Indirect
Total damage ~$158.9 billion (2005 USD)

The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was a hyperactive Atlantic hurricane season that was the most active on record. It featured a total of 31 tropical cyclones, 28 named storms, 15 hurricanes, and 7 major hurricanes. The extreme activity in this season was attributed to very warm sea surface temperatures in the Atlantic basin, although a neutral ENSO pattern prevailed in the Pacific Ocean.

Timeline

Storms

Tropical Storm Arlene

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Arlene 11 june 2005 1645Z.jpg Arlene 2005 track.png
Duration June 8 – June 13
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

Arlene made landfall on the Florida Panhandle just west of Pensacola, causing minimal damage.[1]

Tropical Storm Bret

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tsbret2005.jpg Bret 2005 track.png
Duration June 28 – June 30
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Short-lived Tropical Storm Bret made landfall near Tuxpan, Mexico, causing floods and one death in the state of Veracruz.[2]

Hurricane Cindy

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Cindy 2005-07-05.jpg Cindy 2005 track.png
Duration July 3 – July 7
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)

Cindy was a relatively short-lived tropical cyclone. A post-storm reanalysis indicates Cindy was a category 1 hurricane just offshore and while making landfall along the southeastern coast of Louisiana. The hurricane produced heavy rainfall across coastal areas of southeastern Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, and caused minor wind damage in the New Orleans metropolitan area. Cindy was also the first of five named tropical cyclones that developed during an unusually active month of July. The post-storm reanalysis upgrade of Cindy to hurricane status means 15 Atlantic basin hurricanes occurred in 2005, a new record for a year.[3]

Hurricane Dennis

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Dennis 09 july 2005 1845Z.jpg Dennis 2005 track.png
Duration July 4 – July 13
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Dennis was an unusually strong July major hurricane that left a trail of destruction from the Caribbean Sea to the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico.[4]

Hurricane Emily

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Emily.jpg Emily 2005 track.png
Duration July 11 – July 21
Peak intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min)  929 mbar (hPa)

Emily was briefly a category 5 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) in the Caribbean Sea that, at lesser intensities, struck Grenada, resort communities on Cozumel and the Yucatan Peninsula, and northeastern Mexico just south of the Texas border. Emily is the earliest-forming category 5 hurricane on record in the Atlantic basin and the only known hurricane of that strength to occur during the month of July.[5]

Tropical Storm Franklin

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TS Franklin 23 july 2005 1545Z.jpg Franklin 2005 track.png
Duration July 21 – July 29
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Franklin moved erratically over the western Atlantic between Bermuda and North America without significant impacts on land.[6]

Tropical Storm Gert

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gert Jul 24 2005 1935Z.jpg Gert 2005 track.png
Duration July 23 – July 25
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Gert made landfall over eastern Mexico bringing heavy rains.[7]

Tropical Storm Harvey

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Harvey Aug 4 2005.jpg Harvey 2005 track.png
Duration August 2 – August 8
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Harvey spent almost a week as a tropical storm over the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Its center passed near Bermuda and the storm brought tropical storm conditions to that island but with minimal impacts.[8]

Hurricane Irene

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Irene Aug 15 2005.jpg Irene 2005 track.png
Duration August 4 – August 18
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Irene was a long-lived Cape Verde tropical cyclone that remained over the open Atlantic Ocean throughout its lifetime and became a Category 2 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) when it was located well to the north of Bermuda.[9]

Tropical Depression Ten

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression 10 (2005).png 10-L 2005 track.png
Duration August 13 – August 14
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Jose

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TSJose 2005.jpg Jose 2005 track.png
Duration August 22 – August 23
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Jose was a short-lived tropical storm that brought heavy rains to eastern Mexico, triggering floods and landslides that killed six people.[10]

Hurricane Katrina

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Katrina August 28 2005 NASA.jpg Katrina 2005 track.png
Duration August 23 – August 30
Peak intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  902 mbar (hPa)

Katrina was an extraordinarily powerful and deadly hurricane that carved a wide swath of catastrophic damage and inflicted large loss of life. It was the costliest and one of the five deadliest hurricanes to ever strike the United States. Katrina first caused fatalities and damage in southern Florida as a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. After reaching Category 5 intensity over the central Gulf of Mexico, Katrina weakened to Category 3 before making landfall on the northern Gulf coast. Even so, the damage and loss of life inflicted by this massive hurricane in Louisiana and Mississippi were staggering, with significant effects extending into the Florida panhandle, Georgia, and Alabama. Considering the scope of its impacts, Katrina was one of the most devastating natural disasters in United States history.[11]

Tropical Storm Lee

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TS Lee 2005.jpg Lee 2005 track.png
Duration August 28 – September 2
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Lee was a tropical storm over the open Atlantic for a short period of time.[12]

Hurricane Maria

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Maria Sept 5 2005 1430Z.jpg Maria 2005 track.png
Duration September 1 – September 10
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)

Maria was briefly a major hurricane, but it remained well out at sea.[13]

Hurricane Nate

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Nate Sept 7 2005 1730Z.jpg Nate 2005 track.png
Duration September 5 – September 10
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  979 mbar (hPa)

Nate was a category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) that briefly threatened Bermuda before merging with an extratropical low pressure system over the central Atlantic Ocean.[14]

Hurricane Ophelia

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Ophelia 9142005.jpg Ophelia 2005 track.png
Duration September 6 – September 17
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Ophelia was a category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale that brushed the North Carolina Outer Banks, its center staying just offshore from that coast. The storm’s erratic and slow movement in the vicinity of the North Carolina coastline was similar to Hurricanes Bonnie in August 1998 and Dennis in August 1999.[15]

Hurricane Philippe

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Philippe on September 18 2005.jpg Philippe 2005 track.png
Duration September 17 – September 23
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Philippe was a category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) that is notable for a drawn-out dissipation within the circulation of a large non-tropical low.[16]

Hurricane Rita

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
HurricaneRita21Sept05a.jpg Rita 2005 track.png
Duration September 18 – September 26
Peak intensity 180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min)  895 mbar (hPa)

Rita was an intense hurricane that reached Category 5 strength (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) over the central Gulf of Mexico, where it had the fourth-lowest central pressure on record in the Atlantic basin. Although it weakened prior to making landfall as a Category 3 hurricane near the Texas/Louisiana border, Rita produced significant storm surge that devastated coastal communities in southwestern Louisiana, and its winds, rain, and tornadoes caused fatalities and a wide swath of damage from eastern Texas to Alabama. Additionally, Rita caused floods due to storm surge in portions of the Florida Keys.[17]

Tropical Depression Nineteen

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Td192005.jpg 19-L 2005 track.png
Duration September 30 – October 2
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Stan

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Stan 04oct05.jpg Stan 2005 track.png
Duration October 1 – October 5
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  977 mbar (hPa)

Stan was associated with disastrous inland flooding across portions of Central America and Mexico, and some estimates of the death toll are as high as 2000. However, not all of these deaths can be directly attributed to Stan.[18]

Unnamed Subtropical Storm

Subtropical storm (SSHWS)
Unnamed subtropical storm (2005).jpg 2005 Atlantic subtropical storm 19 track.png
Duration October 4 – October 5
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

As part of its routine post-season review, the Tropical Prediction Center/National Hurricane Center (TPC/NHC) on rare occasions identifies from new data or meteorological interpretation a previously unnoted tropical or subtropical cyclone. The TPC/NHC re analysis of 2005 has revealed a short-lived subtropical storm near the Azores Islands, which increases the record count of tropical/subtropical storms during 2005 to 28.[19]

Tropical Storm Tammy

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tammy Oct 5 2005 1815Z.png Tammy 2005 track.png
Duration October 5 – October 6
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Tammy was a short-lived tropical storm that developed from a complex interaction between a vigorous tropical wave and an upper-level trough. The cyclone made landfall along the northeastern Florida coast and caused only minor damage.[20]

Subtropical Depression Twenty-Two

Subtropical depression (SSHWS)
Subtropical Depression 22 2005.jpg 22-L 2005 track.png
Duration October 8 – October 10
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Vince

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Vince2005.jpg Vince 2005 track.png
Duration October 8 – October 11
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

Vince was a category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) that became the first known tropical cyclone to reach the Iberian Peninsula. It also became a hurricane farther east than any other known Atlantic basin tropical cyclone.[21]

Hurricane Wilma

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
HurricaneWilma20Oct2005.jpg Wilma 2005 track.png
Duration October 15 – October 25
Peak intensity 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-min)  882 mbar (hPa)

Wilma formed and became an extremely intense hurricane over the northwestern Caribbean Sea. It had the all-time lowest central pressure for an Atlantic basin hurricane, and it devastated the northeastern Yucatan Peninsula. Wilma also inflicted extensive damage over southern Florida.[22]

Tropical Storm Alpha

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Alpha Oct 23 2005.jpg Alpha 2005 track.png
Duration October 22 – October 24
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Alpha affected Haiti and the Dominican Republic with floods and mudslides that resulted in 26 deaths.[23]

Hurricane Beta

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Beta 2005.jpg Beta 2005 track.png
Duration October 26 – October 31
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)

After pounding the island of Providencia, Beta struck a sparsely-settled area of Nicaragua with maximum sustained winds near 90 kt.[24]

Tropical Storm Gamma

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TS Gamma 19 nov 2005.jpg Gamma 2005 track.png
Duration November 14 – November 21
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Gamma was a late season tropical cyclone that produced locally heavy rainfall and floods in Honduras and Belize that caused 37 deaths.[25]

Tropical Storm Delta

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ts delta 112405.jpg Delta 2005 track.png
Duration November 22 – November 28
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Delta was a late-season tropical storm of subtropical origin. After losing tropical characteristics, the cyclone caused casualties and storm- to hurricane-force winds in the Canary Islands.[26]

Hurricane Epsilon

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Epsilon 4 Dec 2005.jpg Epsilon 2005 track.png
Duration November 29 – December 8
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

Epsilon, the 26th named tropical cyclone of the 2005 hurricane season, developed from a non-tropical upper-level area of low pressure in the central subtropical Atlantic, becoming the second tropical cyclone to do so in this area within the span of a week. It was only the sixth hurricane on record in the month of December.[27]

Tropical Storm Zeta

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Zeta 2005.jpg Zeta 2005 track.png
Duration December 30 – January 6
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Zeta was the 27th and final named storm in the Atlantic during 2005, establishing the record for the most named storms in one year in that basin. It was the second-latest tropical storm to form in the Atlantic basin, only six hours earlier than Hurricane Alice (1954) that also became a tropical storm on 30 December. Zeta and Alice are the only two Atlantic tropical cyclones on record to cross from one calendar year to the next. Zeta spent about one week moving erratically in a general westward direction over the subtropical waters of the central Atlantic, and it did not affect land.[28]

Storm names

  • Arlene
  • Bret
  • Cindy
  • Dennis
  • Emily
  • Franklin
  • Gert
  • Harvey
  • Irene
  • Jose
  • Katrina
  • Lee
  • Maria
  • Nate
  • Ophelia
  • Philippe
  • Rita
  • Stan
  • Tammy
  • Vince
  • Wilma

Greek Names

  • Alpha
  • Beta
  • Gamma
  • Delta
  • Epsilon
  • Zeta
  • Eta (unused)
  • Theta (unused)
  • Iota (unused)
  • Kappa (unused)
  • Lambda (unused)
  • Mu (unused)
  • Nu (unused)
  • Xi (unused)
  • Omicron (unused)
  • Pi (unused)
  • Rho (unused)
  • Sigma (unused)
  • Tau (unused)
  • Upsilon (unused)
  • Phi (unused)
  • Chi (unused)
  • Psi (unused)
  • Omega (unused)

Retirement

In the spring of 2006, the World Meteorological Organization retired five hurricane names: Dennis, Katrina, Rita, Stan, and Wilma. Their replacements in the 2011 season were Don, Katia, Rina, Sean, and Whitney, respectively. [29]

References

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL012005_Arlene.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL022005_Bret.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL032005_Cindy.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL042005_Dennis.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL052005_Emily.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL062005_Franklin.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL072005_Gert.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL082005_Harvey.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL092005_Irene.pdf
  10. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL112005_Jose.pdf
  11. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL122005_Katrina.pdf
  12. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL132005_Lee.pdf
  13. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL142005_Maria.pdf
  14. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL152005_Nate.pdf
  15. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL162005_Ophelia.pdf
  16. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL172005_Philippe.pdf
  17. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL182005_Rita.pdf
  18. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL202005_Stan.pdf
  19. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL212005_Unnamed.pdf
  20. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL222005_Tammy.pdf
  21. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL242005_Vince.pdf
  22. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL252005_Wilma.pdf
  23. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL262005_Alpha.pdf
  24. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL272005_Beta.pdf
  25. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL282005_Gamma.pdf
  26. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL292005_Delta.pdf
  27. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL302005_Epsilon.pdf
  28. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL312005_Zeta.pdf
  29. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_storms_in_the_2005_Atlantic_hurricane_season#Retirement

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