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2002 Atlantic hurricane season
First system formed July 14, 2002
Last system dissipated October 16, 2002
Strongest storm Isidore - 934 mbar, 125 mph (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 14
Total storms 12
Hurricanes 4
Major hurricanes 2
ACE index 67
Total fatalities 38 Direct, 12 Indirect
Total damage $2.25 Billion (2002 USD)

The 2002 Atlantic hurricane season was an average season in terms of named storms and major hurricanes, yet below average in terms of hurricanes in general. This season featured a total of 14 tropical cyclones, 12 named storms, 4 hurricanes, and 2 major hurricanes. The two most notable storms were Isidore and Lili. Isidore, the strongest and costliest storm of the season, struck the Yucatan Peninsula as a high-end Category 3, causing 19 direct deaths, 3 indirect deaths, and $1.3 Billion 2002 USD in damage. Lili, the sole Category 4 of the season, struck the Gulf Coast as a strong Category 1, bringing in devastating storm surge that along with the winds and rain, caused over $925 Million 2002 USD in damage.

Timeline

Storms

Tropical Storm Arthur

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Arthur Jul 15 2002 1545Z.jpg Arthur 2002 track.png
Duration July 14 – July 16
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Arthur was a tropical storm, with wind speeds up to 50 kt, that moved east-northeastward across the western North Atlantic Ocean.[1]

Tropical Storm Bertha

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Bertha 04 aug 2002 1700Z.jpg Bertha 2002 track.png
Duration August 4 – August 9
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

Bertha was a minimal tropical storm that made landfall in southeastern Louisiana.[2]

Tropical Storm Cristobal

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Cristobal2002.jpg Cristobal 2002 track.png
Duration August 5 – August 8
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Cristobal was a relatively weak tropical cyclone that meandered in the western Atlantic prior to being absorbed into a frontal zone.[3]

Tropical Storm Dolly

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Dolly2002.jpg Dolly 2002 track.png
Duration August 29 – September 4
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Dolly was the first Atlantic basin tropical cyclone to develop in the deep tropics in 2002.[4]

Tropical Storm Edouard

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Edouard 2002.jpg Edouard 2002 track.png
Duration September 1 – September 6
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Edouard made landfall on the northeast coast of Florida as a minimal tropical storm.[5]

Tropical Storm Fay

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TS Fay 06 sept 2002 1915Z.jpg Fay 2002 track.png
Duration September 5 – September 8
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Fay was a short-lived cyclone that made landfall along the central Texas producing widespread heavy rainfall and inland flooding.[6]

Tropical Depression Seven

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD7 07 sept 2002 1640Z.jpg 7-L 2002 track.png
Duration September 7 – September 8
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1013 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gustav

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
HR Gustav 2002.jpg Gustav 2002 track.png
Duration September 8 – September 12
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gustav was a category 2 hurricane of subtropical origin. The cyclone passed near the Outer Banks of North Carolina as a tropical storm, then passed over the eastern end of Nova Scotia and western Newfoundland as a category 1 hurricane.[7]

Tropical Storm Hanna

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TS Hanna 13 sept 2002 1920Z.jpg Hanna 2002 track.png
Duration September 12 – September 15
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Hanna was a poorly-organized tropical storm that nevertheless produced rip currents responsible for three deaths off the beaches of the Florida panhandle.[8]

Hurricane Isidore

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Isidore AMO2002265 lrg.jpg Isidore 2002 track.png
Duration September 14 – September 27
Peak intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  934 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Isidore was a slow-moving tropical cyclone that hit western Cuba as a category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) and the northern Yucatan Peninsula as a category 3 hurricane. It made landfall on the Louisiana coast as a strong tropical storm.[9]

Tropical Storm Josephine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Josephine2002.jpg Josephine 2002 track.png
Duration September 17 – September 19
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1009 mbar (hPa)

Josephine was a short-lived, high latitude tropical storm well out at sea.[10]

Hurricane Kyle

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Kyle 26 sept 2002 1710Z.jpg Kyle 2002 track.png
Duration September 20 – October 12
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Kyle was a category 1 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) that lasted for 22 days and became the third longest-lived tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin. Kyle eventually made landfall along the southeastern United States coast as a weak tropical storm before moving back out to sea.[11]

Hurricane Lili

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Lili- Peak.jpg Lili 2002 track.png
Duration September 21 – October 4
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  938 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Lili crossed western Cuba as a category two hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale and made landfall on the Louisiana coast as a category one hurricane. Lili also affected the Windward Islands as a tropical storm, the northeastern Cayman Islands as a category one hurricane and caused serious rainfall flooding in Jamaica. Thirteen deaths are attributed to Lili. Lili reached category four intensity over the Gulf of Mexico.[12]

Tropical Depression Fourteen

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD 14 15 oct 2002.jpg 14-L 2002 track.png
Duration October 14 – October 16
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Storm names

  • Arthur
  • Bertha
  • Cristobal
  • Dolly
  • Edouard
  • Fay
  • Gustav
  • Hanna
  • Isidore
  • Josephine
  • Kyle
  • Lili
  • Marco (unused)
  • Nana (unused)
  • Omar (unused)
  • Paloma (unused)
  • Rene (unused)
  • Sally (unused)
  • Teddy (unused)
  • Vicky (unused)
  • Wilfred (unused)

Retirement

In Spring 2003, it was announced the World Meteorological Organization had retired the names, Isidore, and Lili for the damage and deaths caused by the storms. They were replaced with Ike and Laura for the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season.

References

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL012002_Arthur.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL022002_Bertha.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL032002_Cristobal.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL042002_Dolly.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL052002_Edouard.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL062002_Fay.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL082002_Gustav.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL092002_Hanna.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL102002_Isidore.pdf
  10. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL112002_Josephine.pdf
  11. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL122002_Kyle.pdf
  12. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL132002_Lili.pdf

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