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2000 Atlantic hurricane season
First system formed June 7, 2000
Last system dissipated October 29, 2000
Strongest storm Keith - 939 mbar, 140 mph (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 19
Total storms 15
Hurricanes 8
Major hurricanes 3
ACE index 119
Total fatalities 67 Direct, 10 Indirect
Total damage $1.29 Billion (2000 USD)

The 2000 Atlantic hurricane season was an active season. This season featured a total of 19 tropical cyclones, 14 named storms, 1 unnamed subtropical storm, 8 hurricanes, and 3 major hurricanes. The two most notable storms were Keith, and Leslie. Keith, the strongest storm of the season, struck Belize as a Category 3, causing 40 direct deaths, and $319 Million 2000 USD in damage. While Leslie's precursor tropical wave, dropped torrential rainfall over Cuba and Florida, causing over $950 Million 2000 USD in damage.

Timeline

Subtropical Storm NineteenTropical Storm Nadine (2000)Hurricane Michael (2000)Tropical Storm Leslie (2000)Hurricane KeithHurricane Joyce (2000)Hurricane Isaac (2000)Tropical Storm Helene (2000)Hurricane Gordon (2000)Hurricane Florence (2000)Tropical Depression Nine (2000)Tropical Storm Ernesto (2000)Hurricane Debby (2000)Tropical Storm Chris (2000)Tropical Storm Beryl (2000)Tropical Depression Four (2000)Hurricane Alberto (2000)Tropical Depression Two (2000)Tropical Depression One (2000)

Storms

Tropical Depression One

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
01L Jun 8 2000 1645Z.png 1-L 2000 track.png
Duration June 7 – June 8
Peak intensity 30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Depression One (2000)

Tropical Depression Two

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression Two (2000).jpg 2-L 2000 track.png
Duration June 23 – June 25
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Depression Two (2000)

Hurricane Alberto

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Alberto 19 aug 2000 1415Z.jpg Alberto 2000 track.png
Duration August 3 – August 23
Peak intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  950 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Alberto (2000)

Alberto was a long-lived Cape Verde hurricane that remained at sea through its lifetime. It is the longest-lived Atlantic tropical cyclone to form in August, and the third-longest lived of record in the Atlantic. Alberto’s track included intensifying into a hurricane three times, a large anticyclonic loop that took five days, and extratropical transition near 53 N.[1]

Tropical Depression Four

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD4 Aug9 2000.jpg 4-L 2000 track.png
Duration August 8 – August 11
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1009 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Depression Four (2000)

Tropical Storm Beryl

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Beryl (2000).jpg Beryl 2000 track.png
Duration August 13 – August 15
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Beryl (2000)

Beryl was a weak tropical storm that moved over the southwest Gulf of Mexico and across the northeast coast of Mexico, and eventually dissipated inland over the mountains of northern Mexico.[2]

Tropical Storm Chris

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Chris (2000).jpg Chris 2000 track.png
Duration August 17 – August 19
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Chris (2000)

Chris was a short-lived tropical storm which was quickly torn apart by strong vertical wind-shear.[3]

Hurricane Debby

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Debby (2000).jpg Debby 2000 track.png
Duration August 19 – August 24
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Debby (2000)

Debby struck the islands of the northeast Caribbean as a 65-knot hurricane, but the impact was not very significant. It appeared that Debby was going to be a significant threat to south Florida, but the system dissipated rather unexpectedly.[4]

Tropical Storm Ernesto

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Ernesto (2000).jpg Ernesto 2000 track.png
Duration September 1 – September 3
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Ernesto (2000)

Ernesto was a minimal tropical storm that moved across the tropical Atlantic Ocean for a few days without affecting land.[5]

Tropical Depression Nine

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression Nine (2000).jpg 9-L 2000 track.png
Duration September 8 – September 9
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1009 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Depression Nine (2000)

Hurricane Florence

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
HurricaneFlorence2000.jpg Florence 2000 track.png
Duration September 10 – September 17
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Florence (2000)

Hurricane Florence was a category one hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale) of subtropical origins that passed within about 65 n mi of Bermuda.[6]

Hurricane Gordon

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Gordon (2000).jpg Gordon 2000 track.png
Duration September 14 – September 18
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Gordon (2000)

Gordon became a category one hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale over the eastern Gulf of Mexico, but eventually made landfall in the Florida Big Bend area as a weakening tropical storm.[7]

Tropical Storm Helene

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Helene2000.jpg Helene 2000 track.png
Duration September 15 – September 25
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Helene (2000)

Helene made landfall as a minimal tropical storm near Fort Walton Beach, Florida and redeveloped into a strong tropical storm over the North Atlantic.[8]

Hurricane Isaac

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
TRCisaac272B.jpg Isaac 2000 track.png
Duration September 21 – October 1
Peak intensity 140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  943 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Isaac (2000)

Isaac was a Cape Verde hurricane that followed a long, parabolic path over the eastern half of the Atlantic. Its maximum sustained winds reached an estimated 120 kt, tying it with Keith for the strongest hurricane of the season.[9]

Hurricane Joyce

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Joyce2000.jpg Joyce 2000 track.png
Duration September 25 – October 2
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Joyce (2000)

Joyce was an 80-knot hurricane east of the Windward Islands, but was weakening from a tropical storm to a depression when it passed through the Windward Islands.[10]

Hurricane Keith

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Keith 30 sept 2000 2227Z.jpg Keith 2000 track.png
Duration September 28 – October 6
Peak intensity 140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  939 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Keith

Keith was a rapidly-intensifying tropical cyclone over the northwestern Caribbean Sea, reaching Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale as it stalled just off the coast of Belize. Keith affected the coastal islands of Belize as a Category 3 hurricane, but weakened to a tropical storm before actually making landfall in mainland Belize. After weakening to a tropical depression while crossing the Yucatan Peninsula, Keith re-intensified over the southwestern Gulf of Mexico and made landfall in northeastern Mexico as a Category 1 hurricane.[11]

Tropical Storm Leslie

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Leslie (2000).jpg Leslie 2000 track.png
Duration October 4 – October 7
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Leslie (2000)

Leslie was a short-lived tropical storm that developed from Subtropical Depression One off the east coast of Florida, and subsequently moved northeastward over the western Atlantic. Although neither Leslie nor the subtropical depression was responsible for any damage or casualties, a precursor disturbance combined with a stalled frontal boundary to produce very heavy rainfall, and flood damage estimated at $950 million in southeast Florida on 2-3 October. Three deaths in south Florida were indirectly attributable to the flooding.[12]

Hurricane Michael

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Michael 18 oct 2000 2045Z.jpg Michael 2000 track.png
Duration October 15 – October 19
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Michael (2000)

Michael was a short-lived category two hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale that developed from subtropical origins off the northeast coast of Florida. Michael moved northeastward over the western and northern Atlantic as a tropical cyclone and eventually crossed Newfoundland as a strong extratropical low pressure system.[13]

Tropical Storm Nadine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Nadine2000.jpg Nadine 2000 track.png
Duration October 19 – October 21
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Nadine (2000)

Unnamed Subtropical Storm

Subtropical storm (SSHWS)
Subtropical Storm 15a (2000).jpg 2000 Atlantic subtropical storm 15 track.png
Duration October 25 – October 29
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Subtropical Storm Nineteen

Storm names

  • Alberto
  • Beryl
  • Chris
  • Debby
  • Ernesto
  • Florence
  • Gordon
  • Helene
  • Isaac
  • Joyce
  • Keith
  • Leslie
  • Michael
  • Nadine
  • Oscar (unused)
  • Patty (unused)
  • Rafael (unused)
  • Sandy (unused)
  • Tony (unused)
  • Valerie (unused)
  • William (unused)

Retirement

In Spring 2001, it was announced the World Meteorological Organization had retired the name Keith for the damage and deaths caused in Belize. It was replaced by Keith for the 2006 Atlantic hurricane season, however due to the lack of activity that year, Kirk wasn't used until the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season.

References

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL032000_Alberto.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL052000_Beryl.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL062000_Chris.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL072000_Debby.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL082000_Ernesto.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL102000_Florence.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL112000_Gordon.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL122000_Helene.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL132000_Isaac.pdf
  10. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL142000_Joyce.pdf
  11. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL152000_Keith.pdf
  12. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL162000_Leslie.pdf
  13. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL172000_Michael.pdf

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