FANDOM


1979 Atlantic Hurricane Season
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed June 11, 1979
Last system dissipated November 15, 1979
Strongest storm
Name David
 • Maximum winds 175 mph (280 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure 924 mbar (hPa; 27.29 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 26
Total storms 9
Hurricanes 5 (1 unoffical)
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
2
Total fatalities 2,136
Total damage $4.12 billion (1979 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981
The 1979 Atlantic Hurricane Season was the first season to use both female and male names, in addition to being the first to use the common 6 lists. The season officially began on June 1st and lasted until November 30th. It was very active in terms of activity but was a very weak season(9 of the 26 storms became named). The first system was an unnamed Tropical Depression. The most intense hurricane of the season was David. It was a strong Category 5 storm. It was the strongest cyclone since 1930. Collectively, the season produced 2,136 deaths and dealt $4.12 billion in damage.

Season Timeline

Storms

Tropical Depression One

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 11 – June 16
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)
One was a long lasting Depression that impacted the Yucatan, Cuba, Florida and Georgia.

Tropical Storm Ana

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 19 – June 24
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)
Ana was a strong Tropical Storm that impacted the Lesser Antilles before dissipating shortly after entering the Caribbean.

Hurricane Bob

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 9 – July 16
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)
Bob was the 2nd Named Storm and 1st Hurricane of the season. Bob would impact much of the Southeastern United States. Bob was responsible for $20 million in damage.

Tropical Storm Claudette

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 16 – July 29
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)
Claudette was a long lived Tropical Storm that dealt widespread damage to the; Lesser Antilles, Yucatan, Caribbean, Southeastern United States and the East Coast.

Hurricane David

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 25 – September 6
Peak intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  924 mbar (hPa)
David was the strongest hurricane of the season. David impacted much of the Caribbean, East Coast, New England and Newfoundland. Damage was high, and fatalities were extreme.

Tropical Depression Eight

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 25 – August 28
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)
Eight was weak system that brought heavy rainfall to many areas of Mexico and Texas.

Hurricane Frederic

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 29 – September 14
Peak intensity 130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)  943 mbar (hPa)
Frederic was the 5th Named Storm, 3rd Hurricane and 2nd Major of the season. Frederic dealt major damages to much of the Caribbean, Gulf, Southeastern US, East Coast, New England and Newfoundland.

Tropical Storm Elena

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 30 – September 2
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)
Elena was a weak and short lived storm that brought rainfall to Mexico, Texas and Louisiana.

Hurricane Gloria

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 4 – September 15
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)
Gloria was the 6th Named Storm and 4th Hurricane of the 1979 season. Gloria was a Cape Verde hurricane that did not affect land.

Hurricane Henri

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 15 – September 24
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)
Henri was the 5th and final hurricane of the season. Henri impacted much of the upper Yucatan and Gulf(Primarily Mexico).

"Mid-September" Tropical Depression

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 19 – September 21
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)
The "Mid-September" Tropical Depression is considered non-tropical. Nonetheless, it resulted in minor flooding in the Southeastern United States.

Subtropical Storm One(Isabel)

Subtropical storm (SSHWS)
Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration October 23 – October 25
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)
This was a Subtropical Storm that reached the intensity to be named(it would've been named Isabel). One was also known to reach hurricane strength. It was known to strike Newfoundland.

Other Systems

12 other unnumbered depressions are also known.

Storm Names

Since 1953, the NHC and NOAA have used a naming list of all female names. This year was the first year male and female names were used in lists starting in 1981.

  • Ana
  • Bob
  • Claudette
  • David
  • Elena
  • Frederic
  • Gloria
  • Henri
  • Isabel
  • Juan
  • Kate
  • Larry
  • Mindy
  • Nicholas
  • Odette
  • Peter
  • Rose
  • Sam
  • Teresa
  • Victor
  • Wanda

Retirement

In 1980, the WMO retired the names David and Fredric from the naming lists and will not be used for another Atlantic Hurricane again. In 1985, they were replaced with Danny and Fabian.